Citra hops are a newer aroma hop variety. It was first released in 2007 and developed by the Hop Breeding Company. Citra hops have intense citrus and tropical fruit aroma and flavor characteristics. They also have high levels of myrcene. Myrcene gives hops a fruity and citrusy aroma. It also has high levels of humulene, which offers a herbal and floral aroma.
Citra hops have an alpha acid content of around 11-13%. This makes them well-suited as both a bittering and aroma hop. They have become trendy for use in American-style ales. This is particularly true of India Pale Ales (IPAs) and wheat beers, fruit beers, and Belgian-style ales.
They also have excellent resistance to disease and pests. This makes them more reliable crops in the hop fields. Citra hops are now widely grown in the United States and other countries worldwide, including Australia and New Zealand.
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|Hop Growers Code:||CIT|
Where To Buy Citra Hops
Possibly the most popular modern brewing hop in the world. Citra hops are highly sought after for its intense citrus aroma and flavors, including, grapefruit, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit, and lychee.
Citra Flavor And Aroma
Citra is a dual-purpose hop that is often described to have the following aroma characteristics:
Tropical Fruit, Lychee
Citra Hop Oil Breakdown
Hop oils can vary year to year and farm to farm but based on our research, here are the typical values we have seen reported. This information comes from various hop farms, The Hop Aroma Compendium, and For The Love Of Hops.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are what is isomerized when boiling to create bitterness in beer.
|11% – 13%|
|Beta Acid %|
Beta acids are what give hops their more aroma and flavor compounds.
|3.5% – 4.5%|
This ratio of alpha acids to beta acids determines how quickly bitterness fades during aging. Lower ratios are common for aromatic varieties.
|2:1 – 5:1|
|Co-Humulone as a % of Alpha|
Higher numbers are said to impart a harsher bitterness.
|22% – 24%|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)|
With more total oils, typically comes a more complex hop profile but these are highly volatile compounds.
|2.2mL – 2.8mL|
|60% – 65%|
|11% – 13%|
|6% – 8%|
|0% – 1%|
|Other Oils: Includes beta-ionine, beta-pinene, limonene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||8% – 28%|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)|
The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).
|Retains 73% of its alpha acid after 6 months of storage at 20ºC (68ºF).|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI) Rating||Good|
Citra Hop Substitutions
Replacing one hop for another is seldom straightforward but sometimes you don’t have the right hop or the right quantity of hops for the beer you want to make. For those situations, we have made a comprehensive list of hops to substitute on brew day.
These substitutions aren’t perfect as hop chemistry is pretty complex.
We wanted to make this list of substitutions with varietals that are easy to find when possible. For Citra, we recommend substituting with the following hops:
For the most part, any hop could have a place in just about any beer style. Based on popular beers, historical usage, and our own preferences, we would recommend using Citra hops for IPA, Double IPA, IPL, Pale Ale, and Wheat Beer. That being said, experiment and see what works best for you.
Hieronymus, Stan. For The Love of Hops. Brewers Publications, 2012
The Hop Aroma Compendium. 2012