Simcoe hops are a popular dual-purpose hop variety developed by Yakima Chief Ranches and released in 2000. It is known for its high alpha acid content, which makes it an excellent choice for bittering, as well as its complex aroma profile includes notes of passionfruit, pine resin, apricot, and citrus zest. Simcoe hops are used in various beer styles and can be added at different stages of the brewing process, including boil, whirlpool, and dry-hopping additions. Its unique sensory profile has made it a favorite among brewers and beer enthusiasts, and it continues to be a sought-after variety in the craft beer and homebrewing industries.
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|Hop Growers Code:||SIM YCR 14|
Where To Buy Simcoe Hops
Simcoe Flavor And Aroma
Simcoe is a dual-purpose hop that is often described to have the following aroma characteristics:
Simcoe Hop Oil Breakdown
Hop oils can vary from year to year and farm to farm but based on our research, here are the typical values we have seen reported. This information comes from various hop farms, The Hop Aroma Compendium, and For The Love Of Hops.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are what is isomerized when boiling to create bitterness in beer.
|12% – 14%|
|Beta Acid %|
Beta acids are what give hops their more aroma and flavor compounds.
|4% – 5%|
This ratio of alpha acids to beta acids determines how quickly bitterness fades during aging. Lower ratios are common for aromatic varieties.
|2:1 – 5:1|
|Co-Humulone as a % of Alpha|
Higher numbers are said to impart a harsher bitterness.
|15% – 20%|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)|
With more total oils, typically comes a more complex hop profile but these are highly volatile compounds.
|2mL – 2.5mL|
|60% – 65%|
|10% – 15%|
|5% – 8%|
|0% – 1%|
|Other Oils: Includes beta-ionine, beta-pinene, limonene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||15% – 37%|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)|
The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).
|Retains 73% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF).|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI) Rating||Good|
Simcoe Hop Substitutions
Replacing one hop for another is seldom straightforward but sometimes you don’t have the right hop or the right quantity of hops for the beer you want to make. For those situations, we have made a comprehensive list of hops to substitute on brew day.
These substitutions aren’t perfect as hop chemistry is pretty complex.
We wanted to make this list of substitutions with varietals that are easy to find when possible. For Simcoe, we recommend substituting with the following hops:
For the most part, any hop could have a place in just about any beer style. Based on popular beers, historical usage, and our own preferences, we would recommend using Simcoe for IPA, New England IPA, Pale Ale, Wheat Beer, Golden Ale. That being said, experiment and see what works best for you.
Hieronymus, Stan. For The Love of Hops. Brewers Publications, 2012
The Hop Aroma Compendium. 2012