Amarillo is one of the most prolific hop varieties in brewing. It was discovered in 1990 by Virgil Gamache Farms in the Yakima Valley of Washington state. Amarillo has very high myrcene oil contents giving it a strong citrus flavor and aroma that is closer to oranges than grapefruit. The citrus character is backed by some light floral notes as well as melon and peaches. It also has solid bittering properties in the 9-11% Alpha Acid range.
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|Hop Growers Code:||VG1|
Where To Buy Amarillo Hops
With respectable alpha acid content, Amarillo can be a dual-purpose hop and contribute to bittering additions, but with its unique, highly sought-after aromas and flavors.
Amarillo Flavor And Aroma
Amarillo is an aroma hop that is often described to have the following aroma characteristics:
Amarillo Hop Oil Breakdown
Hop oils can vary from year to year and farm to farm but based on our research, here are the typical values we have seen reported. This information comes from various hop farms, The Hop Aroma Compendium, and For The Love Of Hops.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are what is isomerized when boiling to create bitterness in beer.
|8% – 11%|
|Beta Acid %|
Beta acids are what give hops their more aroma and flavor compounds.
|6% – 8%|
This ratio of alpha acids to beta acids determines how quickly bitterness fades during aging. Lower ratios are common for aromatic varieties.
|1:1 – 2:1|
|Co-Humulone as a % of Alpha|
Higher numbers are said to impart a harsher bitterness.
|21% – 24%|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)|
With more total oils, typically comes a more complex hop profile but these are highly volatile compounds.
|1.5mL – 1.9mL|
|68% – 70%|
|9% – 11%|
|2% – 4%|
|2% – 4%|
|Other Oils: Includes beta-ionine, beta-pinene, limonene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||0% – 28%|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)|
The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).
|Retains 68% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 68F or 20C.|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI) Rating||Fair|
Amarillo Hop Substitutions
Replacing one hop for another is seldom straightforward but sometimes you don’t have the right hop or the right quantity of hops for the beer you want to make. For those situations, we have made a comprehensive list of hops to substitute on brew day.
These substitutions aren’t perfect as hop chemistry is pretty complex.
We wanted to make this list of substitutions with varietals that are easy to find when possible. For Amarillo, we recommend substituting with the following hops:
For the most part, any hop could have a place in just about any beer style. Based on popular beers, historical usage, and our own preferences, we would recommend using Amarillo for IPA, New England IPA, Pale Ale, Wheat Beer, Golden Ale. That being said, experiment and see what works best for you.
Hieronymus, Stan. For The Love of Hops. Brewers Publications, 2012
The Hop Aroma Compendium. 2012