Saaz hops are a type of hop variety used in brewing beer from the Czech Republic. It is a member of the noble hop family and is known for its distinct spicy, floral, earthy, and grassy notes, which are desired in many beer styles, especially Czech-style pilsners. Saaz hops have a unique profile with a relatively higher content of the terpene farnesene, which contributes to its floral and herbal characteristics.
Saaz is the most widely grown hop variety in the Czech Republic and is used to produce many classic Old World beers. It is also used in hop-breeding programs worldwide due to its unique flavor profile.
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|Hop Growers Code:||SAZ|
Where To Buy Saaz Hops
Saaz Flavor And Aroma
Saaz is an aroma hop that is often described to have the following aroma characteristics:
Saaz Hop Oil Breakdown
Hop oils can vary from year to year and farm to farm but based on our research, here are the typical values we have seen reported. This information comes from various hop farms, The Hop Aroma Compendium, and For The Love Of Hops.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are what is isomerized when boiling to create bitterness in beer.
|3% – 4.5%|
|Beta Acid %|
Beta acids are what give hops their more aroma and flavor compounds.
|3% – 4.5%|
This ratio of alpha acids to beta acids determines how quickly bitterness fades during aging. Lower ratios are common for aromatic varieties.
|1:1 – 2:1|
|Co-Humulone as a % of Alpha|
Higher numbers are said to impart a harsher bitterness.
|24% – 28%|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)|
With more total oils, typically comes a more complex hop profile but these are highly volatile compounds.
|0.5mL – 1mL|
|25% – 37%|
|23% – 40%|
|7% – 11%|
|9% – 13%|
|Other Oils: Includes beta-ionine, beta-pinene, limonene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||6% – 22%|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)|
The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).
|Retains 75% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF).|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI) Rating||Good|
Saaz Hop Substitutions
Replacing one hop for another is seldom straightforward but sometimes you don’t have the right hop or the right quantity of hops for the beer you want to make. For those situations, we have made a comprehensive list of hops to substitute on brew day.
These substitutions aren’t perfect as hop chemistry is pretty complex.
We wanted to make this list of substitutions with varietals that are easy to find when possible. For Saaz, we recommend substituting with the following hops:
For the most part, any hop could have a place in just about any beer style. Based on popular beers, historical usage, and our own preferences, we would recommend using Saaz for IPA, New England IPA, Pale Ale, Wheat Beer, Golden Ale. That being said, experiment and see what works best for you.
Hieronymus, Stan. For The Love of Hops. Brewers Publications, 2012
The Hop Aroma Compendium. 2012