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PhiLambic Solera Year Two: Top off wort

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Bottling the first pull of the Solera prior to brewing the top-off batch gave me the flexibility to make some changes to the wort composition based on the flavors and aromas I was getting from the beer. I did, however, brew this prior to tasting a finished bottle but my overall impressions did not change much.

Lots of wheat malt.
Lots of wheat.

As I lamented in more detail in both tasting notes posts the beer was a little one dimensional, tasting nice but may have been better served as a blending component then bottling straight. I am very critical of my own beer, and sometimes it may sound like I do not like it, not the case here, I am just striving for perfection. I wanted to make sure I got to know my Solera from grain to unadulterated glass in year one so I knew what I will be working with and what I may or may not want to change.

I planned this top-off batch with a few goals in mind, balance out the acidity, add some malt complexity, and increase the Brett funkiness. There is a local Philly funky brewer who uses 6-Row as the base malt in all of his wild ales and they always have a nice rustic malt backbone that seems to balance the acidity really well. So I chose to pair 65% 6-Row Malt with 35% un-malted Wheat for the grain bill and a boatload of aged hops to bitter. I know some folks don’t agree but I feel that aged hops come through in the aroma of the finished beer, a character that is missing slightly in Pull #1.

thermapen reading a temperature of 161F
Sacch rest.

In lieu of a Turbid Mash or the wort only decoction I utilized for the initial batch I decided to mash in at 113F for a Ferulic Acid rest then ramp up to 160F for conversion. The logic behind the Ferulic Acid rest is to promote the creation of spicy, clove (4 vinyl guiacol) like phenols that Brett can convert to 4 ethyl guiacol aka funky/horse blanket phenolics. I picked this info up on a post on themadfermentationist.com where Mike goes into a little more detail. This method seemed perfect as its exactly what I am looking to add to the Solera, hopefully by using this mash schedule and a more funky Brett blend I can add some complexity.

I chose to start fermentation of the top-off batch in a carboy before I racked it to the Solera. I pitched a single vial of WLP 530 and some slurry of TYB Brussels Brett Blend, which throws off more of the classic Barnyard/Horsey Brett Funkiness I am looking for. Once krausen dropped, but fermentation was still active, I racked right into the Sanke keg. I did this for a few reasons, mostly due to o2 exposure but also to minimize the acidity of the top-off batch.

The active fermentation should blow off any o2 that got in the headspace since it sat between bottling day and racking day. But more importantly, is that I moved two weeks after brew day and I wanted to move the Solera while there was still some active fermentation. I took other measures including purging and sealing the keg to minimize o2 pickup, let’s see how that all works out.

mesh bag of aged hops
A massive sack of aged hops.

One last change I made here is that I decided to scale back the size of this Solera from the Sanke keg to a 6 gallon Better Bottle filled to the very top. I added this top-off batch to the Sanke, let it age for 2+ months, and then racked it all into 3 separate carboys (a 6g Better Bottle and 2x 5g carboys). The other 2 carboys, nearly filled with Solera beer, was given to two friends of mine for a base to start their own Soleras with. I am actually excited about this because I will get to taste the results of how they maintain their Soleras and see how it differs from mine despite the base all originating here.

A 6+ gallon Solera for myself seemed like plenty as I plan to only remove 2-3 gallons on each pull, plus I can do a smaller quicker brew day for top-off batches. This also gives me the ability to start another Solera if I decide to, where I can stagger the timeline and use each for blending and not worry about having too much beer (if such a thing exists).

Aside from that, nothing has changed, it now rests in my crawlspace at a consistent 58-64f. It is dark and dingy down there, I think Jean Van Roy would be pleased.

PhiLambic Solera Year 2

Brew day: 9/28/2014

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The 6 gallon Better Bottle Solera, which originated in the Sanke.

Recipe Specifications


Boil Size: 14.25 gal
Post Boil Volume: 11.50 gal
Batch Size (fermenter): 11.00 gal
Measured OG: 1.045 SG
Estimated Color: 3.0 SRM
Estimated IBU: Pfft, who knows?
Brewhouse Efficiency: 70.00 %
Boil Time: 75 Minutes


65.9% – 13lbs 8oz – Great Western Superior Pilsen (1.5 SRM)
34.1% – 7lbs – Unmalted Wheat (~3.0 SRM)


Boil: 75min – 1lb aged hops
Boil: 15min – 1 tsp Wyeast Yeast Nutrient


WLP 530
TYB Brussels Brett Blend
ECY Bugfarm.


Ferulic Acid Rest – 15 min @ 113F
Sacch rest – 60 min @ 161.0 F


Fly Sparge 5.75 gallons 170f


  • Filtered Philadelphia Tap water, Baxter Plant, no salts.


  • 5 gallons got WLP 530 and TYB Brussels Brett Blend slurry prior to racking into the Solera.
  • The remaining wort got ECY Bugfarm.
  • The half of this batch that was fermented out with ECY BugFarm slurry will age as an unblended Lambic to be used for blending for next year’s Gueuze.
  • This was the final beer brewed and fermented in Fishtown Philadelphia prior to my move to dirty Jerz.

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